As a multi-component programme designed for sustainable development of marginalised families living in remote areas, a well-implemented Wadi programme brings about several important economic, social and environmental changes:

Economic benefits

  • Wadi improves and diversifies the livelihoods base of participating families.
  • There is a rise in average income and assets for family and community use.
  • There is reduction in long-term migration for meeting survival needs.
  • The enhanced livelihoods base provided by Wadi becomes a platform for exploring other avenues of income generation, such as dairy business, floriculture, backyard poultry, manufacture and sale of vermicompost, establishment of nurseries, sericulture, bee-keeping, agro-service centres, and so on. Knowledge gained from a Wadi programme, and assets created under the programme also help in improving productivity of lands outside Wadi plots.
  • Marginalised communities get linked to mainstream markets through backward and forward channels.
  • There is an improvement in food security and health and nutrition status of families, especially among women and children, which enhances their productive capacity.
  • Entrepreneurial abilities are unlocked, especially among women.

Wadi provides local employment and increases assets Wadi provides local employment and increases assets

Social benefits

  • Wadi leads to tremendous attitudinal change among poor families. With enhanced knowledge, skill and capacities, people move out of a mind set of defeatism to a positive outlook. Wadi enables families to move from a framework of chronic poverty to one of forward planning for continuous improvement in living standards. There is a significant drop in alcoholism and families move to make investments to ensure better living conditions and secure a better future for their children.
  • There is considerable reduction in daily drudgery of women. With more time and energy in their hands, better health status and new knowledge and skills, women become empowered to influence decisions regarding use of family finances, food and health habits, education of children and planning for the future.
  • Wadi creates a platform for community action through village-level people’s forums. Local leadership is built.
  • Reduction in long-term migration and discouragement of alcohol improves family relationships.

Wadi empowers women with technology and skills Wadi empowers women with technology and skills

Environmental benefits

  • There is fundamental rejuvenation of the natural environment, especially with regard to top soil cover, water sources and tree cover.
  • Tree plantation and agriculture cultivation under Wadi leads to generation of an enormous amount of biomass, and increase in bio-diversity.
  • There is considerable reduction in exploitation of forests for meeting cooking fuel and other domestic needs.

See also:

  • Summaries of BAIF-Wadi project evaluations, in Impact
  • Case study on multiple benefits from a Wadi plot

FAQ: What is the average income earned by a family from a Wadi plot?

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