As a long-term and multi-component programme, Wadi involves several activity heads, spread over a part or full term of 5 to 6 years, which require financial inputs, till the end of the establishment stage of Wadi.
Below is an indicative list of activity heads till the end of the establishment stage:
- Feasibility studies/pilot projects, project planning
- Programme promotion (orientation, exposure visits, etc)
- Staff training
- Project administration
- Building people’s organisations
- Procuring and planting saplings of commercial fruit-bearing and other trees in Wadi plots, under the agro-horti-forestry component
- Soil and water conservation works in Wadi plots
- Training families in horticulture practices
- Proper care of growing fruit trees, with regular supply of necessary inputs
- Development of water resources such as construction and repair of open wells, permanent or temporary checkdams, lift irrigation schemes, etc
- Preventive health, improved nutrition status and women’s mobilisation activities under the quality of life component
- Investments for procuring/storing/ processing/ marketing produce from Wadi plots under the agro-business component
- Credit/ grant/training support to people’s organisations like self help groups (SHGs), or individuals, to initiate allied livelihoods
- Field-based research
- Seed/fertiliser/training support for promoting improved agriculture practices, kitchen gardens, etc
The major cost component, constituting around two-thirds of total project cost, relates to development of Wadi plots (items 6 to 9 above). In BAIF’s experience in south Gujarat, at 2008 prices, the average cost of developing one Wadi plot of one acre, is around Rs 28,000, incurred over a period of five years, with maximum expenditure (around Rs 9000) in the first year.
Around a third of the development cost of a Wadi plot goes to the plot-owning family as wage support over a period of five years, with maximum support provided in the first year.
Percentage-wise utilisation of funds under different heads of expenditure is broadly as follows:
% of total
|Horticulture, plantation and maintenance||50-55|
|Water resource development||13-15|
|Training and capacity building||2-3|
Cost incurred under different activity heads of a Wadi project will vary according to several factors.
- Local environmental conditions, with regard to suitability for plantation of fruit trees, is the most important cost factor. In terrains with highly degraded lands, Wadi plot development costs will go up.
- Distance from markets influences cost of procuring agro-horti-forestry inputs and developing marketing channels.
- Compactness of Wadi plot locations is a critical factor. If Wadi plots are highly scattered, project management costs will go up.
- Availability of existing or potential water resources, namelyquantum of water that can be sourced after the monsoons and distance of these sources from Wadi plots, determines expenditure to be incurred on water resource development.
- If convergence is possible with other ongoing programmes, such as programmes for improving health and nutrition status, or promoting agro-business, cost incurred on these components will be lowered.