Resources developed under a Wadi programme through agro-horti-forestry, soil and water conservation and water resource development, and benefits accruing from the agri-business component, create a platform for generating good income from livestock.
The story of Anita Jadhav, of Jadhavwadi, in Igatpuri tehsil of Nashik, Maharashtra, is illustrative.
Her family owns 4 acres of rainfed land, which is cultivated only in the kharif season. The family had no other regular source of income.
In 2003-04, she joined the Wadi programme, and started cultivation of guava in a 1-acre plot.
Till the trees reached maturity, she grew tur, chana, and other pulses in the spaces between trees. Using improved agriculture practices promoted by BAIF-MITTRA, she earned annual net income of around Rs 5000.
In 2006-07, the guava trees bore first fruit, fetching net income of Rs 6000, followed by Rs 7000 at second fruiting (generally, guava trees produce fruits twice a year, in the rainy season, and in winter).
In 2007-08, the income from first fruiting of guava was Rs 13,000. Anita used the money to buy a buffalo of `Mahuda’ breed, which yielded 7 litres of milk a day.
From the milk earnings, she bought a crossbred cow.
In 2008-09, net income from sale of milk amounted to Rs 60,000, which was in addition to Rs 32,000 earned from sale of guavas.
Thus, in a short span of 6 years, Anita’s family rose above the below poverty line to nearly attain `lakhpati’ status.