Suggested impact indicators

Following an evaluation study of the KfW-funded BAIF-DHRUVA Wadi programme in South Gujarat, done by Institute of Rural Management, Anand (IRMA) in 2005, a list of indicators to assess impact of a Wadi project across different parameters was suggested as follows:

Indicators to assess process of change

  • Migration: changes in migration patterns, reasons attributed/purpose of migration
  • extent of migration (number of days/months/family members), nature of work during migration
  • Ownership by the participants: people’s attachment to Wadi plots
  • Changes in social status/recognition
  • Overall sense of happiness and fulfilment of the participants
  • Strong emotional and spiritual security
  • Status of women: women’s role in decision-making at home and community, women’s contribution in household income, changes in workload (more leisure time)
  • Changes with respect to dependency on forest
  • Status of sustainable growth oriented network of institutions: well-conceived framework of people’s organisations (POs), status of saving and credit activity through POs
  • Innovative thinking for new projects

Indicators to assess indirect impact

  • Self sufficiency in food for the participant family
  • Ownership of non-farm assets such as consumer durables
  • Access to credit: changes in availability and access to credit for participants, source of credit for participating families, proportion of various sources in total credit for the participants, purpose for which credit has been availed, utilisation and repayment, changes in banking habits
  • Environment impact: regeneration of biomass, biomass output, increased number of trees, restoration of environment and forest, changes in tree density, soil quality, groundwater level
  • Policy impact: internalisation of programme model at the level of policy and various government programmes
  • Changes in attitudes of government functionaries and bankers

Indicators to assess direct impact 

  • Income of participant family: changes in sources of income, proportion of various sources in total income of a family (Wadi plot, migration, salary, labour, sale of livestock, business, others), increase /decrease in total yearly income, nature and extent of supplementary income generation
  • Livestock: number of cattle per household, changes in average milk production per animal
  • Family consumption patterns
  • Changes in skill development and awareness building of participants
  • Availability of fuel wood and fodder: quality and quantity
  • Health: changes in health status of participating family, general health situation, awareness and skills, changes in diet patterns/nutrition status (consumption of fruits and vegetables)
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