After selection of a Wadi project area, families and family-owned plots for development under the agro-horti-forestry component are selected, in a participatory manner.
Apart from meeting parameters explained in the Requirements section, families selected for the agro-horti-forestry component should preferably be:
- small or marginal land-owners
- regularly working on their own land
- open to new ideas and techniques
- willing to shift their residence to Wadi plots, if required
- close to other Wadi plot-holders (scattered plots will increase project cost)
Plots selected for development should preferably be:
- located on plain or gently sloping land, with well drained soil; soils with an impervious rocky layer within a depth of 1m and soils prone to water-logging are not suitable
- close to an existing or potential water source
- free from Kans grass (Saccharam spontaneum), which is difficult to remove
- away from the village, yet within walking distance from it, so that threat of damage caused by domestic animals is reduced, and watch can be kept easily
- not located in densely forested areas with animals like wild boars which can damage plantations
Family-owned land selected for a Wadi plot should be in one unit of around 1-acre; if a family owns land in bits and pieces, pieces that are close to each other should be selected.
Selection of fruit trees for plantation is done in a participatory manner. Feasibility studies or pilot projects may have to be conducted in areas where particular fruit tree varieties are proposed to be introduced for the first time.