|Soil and water conservation|
Wadi plots are typically located in degraded and sloping lands, which are prone to heavy soil erosion after rainfall. Hence soil and water conservation (SWC) work needs to be usually done in each plot to:
SWC is essential for ensuring profitable plantation and cultivation with low maintenance costs.
An SWC micro plan is done for each plot, with involvement of plot-holding families. Groups of plot-holders are given field-based `how to’ training and demonstrations.
Manual labour involved in SWC work is done under supervision by Wadi plot-holding families, either individually or in groups. Hired labour or machinery is not used.
SWC works are best done in the first year itself, before or along with plantation.
Depending on the terrain and condition of soil, different kinds of works are done:
All the above measures require annual maintenance, especially before the onset of monsoons. Well-maintained SWC can by itself dramatically improve productivity of soil and significantly reduce need for expensive water resource development.